2021 will be another challenging year for EU migration policy. ICMPD’s Migration Outlook presents a brief analysis of migration and policy trends and provides an outlook on developments and events to watch out for in 2021.
In the report, seven things to look out for in 2021:
- The development of the COVID-19 crisis
- Uneven access to vaccines and economic recovery as migration drivers
- Enhanced migration policy pressures in the aftermath of the pandemic
- Setbacks in migration cooperation with non-EU partners
- Migration impacts of newly emerging crises like the Sahel
- Shifts along the main migration routes to Europe
- The continued work on the EU Pact on Migration and Asylum
The latest estimates speak about 272 million international migrants in 2020, representing 3.5% of the world’s population. The number of international migrants grows moderately yet faster than the world’s population. Two thirds of all international migrants are labour migrants. Mainly responsible for the relative increase in international migration is the global rise in conflict and violence. Between 1993 and 2019 the number of globally displaced more than tripled from 21.4 million to 79.5 million; the number of internally displaced increased by more than ten times from 4.2 million to 45.7 million.
Internal conflicts lead to the largest numbers of displacement. In 2019, 68% of all refugees worldwide came from five countries in protracted and multi-facetted conflict situations: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar.
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